10th Canadian Masonry Symposium Papers - Full List

This page contains a full list in plain text form containing every single paper presented as part of the 10th Canadian Masonry Symposium. To quickly find what you are looking for, try using the “find on page” function in your browser by pressing CTRL+F to jump down the page. Any text appearing in the paper’s title, first 30 words of the abstract, or an author’s name can be searched at this location.

  • FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED MASONRY SHEAR WALLS USING SMEARED CRACK MODEL
    Majid Maleki1, A. A. El-Damatty2, A. A. Hamid3 and R. G. Drysdale4 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. WEST, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7, malekim@mcmaster.ca Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, damatty@uwo.ca Adjunct Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster…
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  • ANALYTICAL MODELING OF IN PLANE SHEAR OF BRICK VENEER AND WOOD STUD WALLS
    Eric N. Johnson1 and W. Mark McGinley2 Director of Engineering, Brick SouthEast, Inc., Charlotte, NC, USA, BrickEric@aol.com Professor of Architectural Engineering, North Carolina A & T State University, Greensboro, NC, USA, mcginley@ncat.edu ABSTRACT Conventional brick veneer in residential construction is typically supported by wood stud walls attached using 22 gauge…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION INTO THE RESPONSE OF STEEL FRAMES INFILLED WITH CALCIUM SILICATE ELEMENT WALLS TO IN-PLANE LATERAL LOADS
    B.M. Ng’andu1, A.T. Vermeltfoort2 and D.R.W. Martens3 PhD researcher, Dept of Structural Design and Construction Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology, Vertigo 9.30, Postbus 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, the Netherlands, b.m.ngandu@bwk.tue.nl Assistant Professor, Dept of Structural Design and Construction Technology, Eindhoven University of Technology. Professor, Dept of Structural Design and Construction…
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  • IMPACT PERFORMANCE OF FULLY GROUTED CONCRETE MASONRY WALLS
    Jeffrey H. Greenwald1, P.E. Maribeth S. Bradfield2, P.E. Vice President of Research and Development, National Concrete Masonry Association Principal, Bradfield Consulting ABSTRACT Concrete masonry walls designed as security barriers are fully grouted concrete masonry assemblies. Typically, vertical grouted cells have steel reinforcement in every cell, and reinforced horizontal bond beams…
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  • IMPACT RESISTANCE OF BRICK VENEER STRUCTURES TO HURRICANE DEBRIS
    Richard M. Bennett1, J. Gregg Borchelt2, Jim Bryja3, and Bill Kjorlien4 Professor, Dept of Civil and Envr Engr, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2010, rmbennett@utk.edu Vice President, Engineering and Research, Brick Industry Association, Reston, VA 20191-1525, borchelt@bia.org Manager Engineering Services, General Shale Products Corp., Johnson City, TN 37601, jbryja@generalshale.com Executive…
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  • ASSESSMENT AND LOAD RATING OF MASONRY ARCH BRIDGES
    Pardeep Kumar 1 and N. M. Bhandari 2 Senior Lecturer, Dept of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, (HP), India – 177 005, pkumar@recham.ernet.in   Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, (UA), India – 247 667, nmbcefce@iitr.ernet.in ABSTRACT Masonry arch bridges exist in large numbers in…
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  • PROPOSED DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR INTERNALLY FRP-REINFORCED MASONRY
    Y. S. Korany NSERC Post-doctoral Fellow, Center for Infrastructure Engineering Studies, University of Missouri-Rolla 223 Engineering Research Lab., Rolla, Missouri 65409-0710, yasser.korany@gmail.com ABSTRACT In spite of the rapid increase in the application of Fibre Reinforced Polymers (FRPs) to masonry structures, theory and rigorous analysis seem to lag behind. Most of…
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  • A DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR FRP SYSTEMS FOR MASONRY STRUCTURES
    W. M. McGinley1, A. M. Corzo2 , J. Gergely3, P. B. Foster4 and D. T. Young5 Professor, Dept. of Architectural Engineering, North Carolina A & T State University. Greensboro, NC 27411. Email: mcginley@ncat.edu. MSc student, Department of Civil, Architectural, Agricultural and Environmental Engineering, North Carolina A & T State University.…
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  • FLEXURAL RESISTANCE OF UNBONDED AND INTERMITTENTLY BONDED FRP-REINFORCED MASONRY PANELS
    Y. S. Korany1 and R. G. Drysdale2 NSERC Post-doctoral Fellow, Center for Infrastructure Engineering Studies, University of Missouri-Rolla 223 Engineering Research Lab., Rolla, Missouri 65409-0710, yasser.korany@gmail.com Professor & Martini, Mascarin and George Chair in Masonry Design Director, Centre for Effective Design of Structures, Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, 1280…
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  • STRENGTHENING AND HAZARD MITIGATION OF URM WALLS USING FRP
    A. A. Hamid 1 , W. W. El-Dakhakhni 2, Z. H.R. Hakam 3 and M. Elgaaly 4 Professor, McMaster University Centre for Effective Design of Structures, Department of Civil Engineering, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S 4L7 Canada, hamida@mcmaster.ca Research Associate, McMaster University Centre for Effective Design of Structures, Department of Civil Engineering,…
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  • STRENGTHENING OF MASONRY COLUMNS WITH SPRAYED GLASS FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER (SGFRP)
    E. Shaheen1 and N.G. Shrive2 Post-doctoral Fellow, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, eshaheen@ucalgary.ca Killam Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, shrive@ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT Strengthening masonry columns by spraying them with glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) was investigated experimentally. The…
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  • NEW TEST FOR THE SHEAR TRANSFER CAPACITY OF HORIZONTAL SLIP JOINTS IN LOADBEARING MASONRY
    Y.Z.Totoev1 and G. Simundic2 Senior Lecturer, School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, ceyuri@civeng.newcastle.edu.au Professional Officer, School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, goran.simundic@newcastle.edu.au ABSTRACT Masonry structures in Australia contain slip joints between concrete slabs and their supporting masonry walls to accommodate differential movements due to concrete…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE SHEAR CAPACITY OF REINFORCED MASONRY SHEAR WALLS
    S.C. Miller1, W. El-Dakhakhni2, and R.G. Drysdale3 M.A.Sc. Candidate, Dept. of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7, millersc@mcmaster.ca Post-Doctoral Fellow, Centre for Effective Design of Structures, McMaster University, eldak@mcmaster.ca Professor, Martini Mascarin and George Chair in Masonry Design and Director of the Centre for Effective Design of Structures,…
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  • EFFECTS OF CONFINEMENT REINFORCEMENT ON THE PERFORMANCE OF MASONRY SHEAR WALLS
    Matthew Snook1, David McLean2, Cole McDaniel3 and David Pollock4 Graduate Student, Professor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2910 USA ABSTRACT The research presented in this paper investigates the behavior of relatively heavily reinforced concrete masonry shear walls incorporating three types…
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  • EFFECT OF MORTAR TYPE ON THE SEISMIC RESPONSE OF PARTIALLY GROUTED REINFORCED MASONRY SHEAR WALLS
    F.L. Moon1 and A.A. Hamid2 Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA, USA, flm72@drexel.edu Professor, Dept of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Drexel University, hamidaa@drexel.edu ABSTRACT Since the establishment of ASTM standard C91, masonry cement mortars have become widely used for…
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  • DUCTILITY OF REINFORCED MASONRY SHEAR WALLS AND IMPACT OF INCOMPLETE GROUTING
    M.T.Shedid1, A.A.Hamid2, and R.G.Drysdale3 M.A.Sc. Candidate, Dept of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7. shedidmm@mcmaster.ca Professor and Director of the Masonry Research Lab, Drexel University, Philadelphia. Also adjunct Professor and member of the Centre for Effective Design of Structures, McMaster University, hamida@mcmaster.ca Professor, Martini Mascarin and George Chair…
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  • A CASE STUDY IN STRUCTURAL RENOVATION AND MASONRY RESTORATION
    William D. Bast, P.E., S.E.1 and Terry R. McDonnell, P.E., S.E.2 Senior Vice President, Thornton-Tomasetti Group, Inc., 14 E. Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, IL, 60604, USA wbast@thettgroup.com Senior Project Engineer, Thornton-Tomasetti Group, Inc., tmcdonnell@thettgroup.com ABSTRACT A four-story unreinforced brick masonry building in Cleveland, Ohio was studied for the purpose of performing…
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  • RESTORATION & STABILIZATION OF A DAMAGED & DETERIORATED CHURCH TOWER
    P.A. Jeffs1 1President, PJ Materials Consultants Limited, 11 Wagoners Trail, Guelph, ON, N1G 3M9; pjeffs@pjmc.net ABSTRACT A case study is presented which focuses on the development and implementation of a restoration strategy that attempted to stabilize and restore durability to a severely deteriorated and damaged church bell tower. Investigations had…
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  • RESTORING AND PRESERVING EGYPT’S SPHINX: THE POLYMERS OPTION
    W.S. Wahby1 1Professor, Industrial Technology Program Coordinator, School of Technology, Eastern Illinois University, 600 Lincoln Avenue, Charleston, Illinois 61920, USA, cfwsw@eiu.edu ABSTRACT Aggressive environment and urban development in Egypt are posing serious threats to the Great Sphinx. Many attempts have been made in the past to repair, restore and preserve…
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  • THE SUANKULARB COLLEGE, BANGKOK, THAILAND – A CASE STUDY OF THE RESTORATION OF A LATE 19TH CENTURY THAI SCHOOL BUILDING
    K. Roachanakanan1 and A.B. Nichols2 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77743-3137 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77743-3137 anichols@tamu.edu ABSTRACT The Suankularb Building has been used as a school building for Suankularb College founded by King Rama the Fifth…
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  • “A TREATISE ON MASONRY CONSTRUCTION” APPLICATION TO THE MODERN PRACTICES FOR HISTORIC BUILDING RESTORATION
    J.M. Nichols1 1Assistant Professor, Dept of Construction Science, Texas A&M University, TAMU – 3137 College Station, Texas, 77843-3137, USA, jm-nichols@tamu.edu ABSTRACT Ira O. Baker in 1889 published a major and significant textbook, entitled ‘Treatise on Masonry Construction, which had been reprinted ten times by 1914. This widely used text covered…
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  • EFFECTS OF CONFINEMENT REINFORCEMENT ON BAR SPLICE PERFORMANCE
    Jeffrey H. Greenwald, P.E.1, Jason J. Thompson2 and David I. McLean, Ph.D., P.E.3 Vice President of Research and Development, National Concrete Masonry Association, Structural Engineer, National Concrete Masonry Association, Professor, Washington State University ABSTRACT This paper reports on research to investigate the effects of confinement provided by lateral reinforcement on…
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  • PRELIMINARY FINITE ELEMENT MODELLING OF FOUR BRICK UNIT SPECIMENS SUBJECTED TO BENDING
    Yan Han1, Mark J. Masia2, Stephen J. Lawrence3 and Adrian W. Page4 Postgraduate, yan.han@studentmail.newcastle.edu.au Lecturer, masia@newcastle.edu.au Conjoint Professor, spl@bigpond.net.au Professor, page@newcastle.edu.au Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan NSW 2308, Australia ABSTRACT The paper presents a 3D non-linear finite element micro model capable of simulating the…
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  • EXAMINING THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MORTAR AND BRICK UNIT PROPERTIES ON MASONRY BOND STRENGTH USING BAYESIAN MODEL SCREENING
    M.  M. Reda Taha1, J. L. Lucero2 and T. J. Ross1 1Department of Civil Engineering, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA 87131 2Los Alamos National Lab. MS T001, Los Alamos, NM, USA ABSTRACT Flexural bond strength of masonry is influenced by many factors such as the masonry mortar and…
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  • HOLLOW UNIT BOND WRENCH TEST TRIALS
    W. Mark McGinley1 and Jeff Greenwald2 Professor, Dept of Architectural Engineering, North Carolina A & T State University, 1601 East Market Street, Greensboro, NC, 27411, mcginley@ncat.edu; Vice President of Research, National Concrete Masonry Association, 13750 Sunrise Valley Drive Herndon, VA 20171-4662, jgreenwald@ncma.org ABSTRACT In an effort to determine the effectiveness…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF PARTIALLY GROUTED CONCRETE MASONRY WALLS WITH OPENINGS
    K.C. Voon1 and J.M. Ingham2 PhD student, Dept of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand, kvoo002@ec.auckland.ac.nz Senior Lecturer, Dept of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, j.ingham@auckland.ac.nz ABSTRACT Masonry shear walls have attracted the attention of many researchers because of their role…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON HOLLOW BLOCK MASONRY WALLS FILLED WITH FOAMING CONCRETE
    Y.H. Ye1, W.M. Sun2, L.Q. Li3 and H.J. Zhang4 1Associate Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, yyh_5610@163.com 2Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, 210009, P. R. China 3Associate Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, 210009, P. R. China…
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  • TESTS ON THE LOAD BEARING BEHAVIOUR OF MASONRY SHEAR WALLS
    U. Schmidt1, I. Beer2 and W. Brameshuber3 Dipl.-Ing. Ulf Schmidt, Scientific employee and head of the working group “masonry” at the Institute of Building Materials Research, RWTH Aachen University Dipl.-Ing. Ingo Beer, Scientific employee at the Institute of Building Materials Research, RWTH Aachen University Professor Dr.-Ing Wolfgang Brameshuber, Director of…
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  • FAILURE MODES FOR IN PLANE LOADED MASONRY WALLS MADE WITH THIN LAYER MORTAR
    F.da Porto, E. Garbin, C. Modena, M.R. Valluzzi Dept. of Structural and Transportation Eng., University of Padova, Via Marzolo 9, 35131 Padova, Italy daporto@dic.unipd.it ABSTRACT New technologies for the construction of reinforced and unreinforced masonry buildings, based on the production of new blocks, are being employed and developed and are…
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  • ARTICULATING A NEW ARCHITECTURAL PATTERN THE MASONRY DOMES OF EGYPT
    Shams El Din M. Tantawy MA, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Minia, Minia, Egypt stantawy@uae.us ABSTRACT The major development of the dome in Egypt was in the medieval ages, predominantly during the Mamluk period - the self perpetuating corporation of military slaves [1].…
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  • TRADITIONAL TECHNIQUES IN MASONRY BUILDINGS AT RINCÓN DE ADEMUZ (VALENCIA)
    Camilla Mileto1 & Fernando Vegas López-Manzanares2 Associate Professor, ETS Arquitectura, Universidad Politécnica, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain), cami2@cpa.upv.es Professor, ETS Arquitectura, Universidad Politécnica, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia (Spain), fvegas@cpa.upv.es ABSTRACT A comprehensive study of the traditional construction techniques of the Rincón de Ademuz area (Valencia, Spain)…
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  • A PROBABILISTIC APPROACH FOR THE INTERPRETATION OF LONG TERM DAMAGE OF HISTORIC MASONRY
    A. Anzani1, E. Garavaglia2 and L. Binda3 Assistant Professor, Dept of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza L. da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy, EU, anzani@stru.polimi.it Assistant Professor, Dept of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza L. da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy, EU, garava@stru.polimi.it Full Professor, Dept of Structural…
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  • REVERSIBLE MOISTURE MOVEMENTS OF FIRED CLAY BRICKS USED IN HISTORIC MASONRY STRUCTURES
    Akiko Mori1, Akio Baba2, Rie Kawahara3, Lihito Yamaguchi4, and Tomikazu Dainobu5 Professor, Tsukuri College, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Dr.Eng., mori.akiko@nitech.ac.jp, Professor, Dept. of Perceptual Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering , Yamaguchi University, Dr.Eng., Assistant Professor, Dept. of Perceptual Sciences and Design Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,…
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  • STRAIN READING CORRECTION FOR APPARENT STRAIN AND THERMAL EXPANSION COEFFICIENT OF MASONRY AND BRICK
    A.V. Gayevoy1 and S.L. Lissel2 M.Sc. Candidate, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, agayevoy@ucalgary.ca Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, sllissel@ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT Two CFRP prestressed diaphragm masonry walls built on the University of Calgary campus are the subject…
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  • MOVEMENT COEFFICIENTS OF COMPRESSED EARTH MASONRY UNITS
    W. Graham1, M.L. Coody2, R. Burt3 and D. Beniwal4 Architect, Mitchell Endowed Professor of Residential Construction and Visualization, Department of Construction Science, College of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA, cwgraham@archone.tamu.edu Structural Engineer and Associate Professor, Department of Construction Science, College of Architecture, Texas A&M University, College Station,…
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  • AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF CREEP AND SHRINKAGE IN POST-TENSIONED CONCRETE MASONRY
    G.D. Wight1 and J.M. Ingham2 PhD Student, Dept of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand, gwig003@ec.auckland.ac.nz Senior Lecturer, Dept of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, j.ingham@auckland.ac.nz ABSTRACT Time-dependent prestress losses due to creep and shrinkage lead to a reduction in structural…
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  • TEST PROCEDURE FOR SHRINKAGE OF CONCRETE BLOCKS
    G. A. Parsekian1; K. C. Barbosa2; T. B. Inforsato3; D. F. Deana4; M. S. Faria5 and C. O. da Silva6 Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Sao Carlos, gparsekian@terra.com.br MSc , Dept of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Sao Carlos, klecbarbosa@terra.com.br Graduate Student, Dept of Civil Engineering, Federal…
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  • USE OF FIBRE REINFORCED POLYMER TO ENHANCE THE SLIDING SHEAR RESISTANCE OF UNREINRORCED CONCRETE MASONRY
    Frank Campanaro1 and Robert Drysdale2 and Ahmad Hamid3 M.A.Sc. Candidate, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. Professor and Martini, Mascarin and George Chair in Masonry Design, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. Professor and Director of the Masonry Research Lab, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA. Adjunct Professor, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. All members of Centre…
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  • NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF URM WALLS RETROFITTED WITH CABLE BY DISTINCT ELEMENT METHOD
    Y. Zhuge1 1Senior Lecturer, School of Natural and Built Environments, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Campus, SA 5095, Australia, yan.zhuge@unisa.edu.au ABSTRACT The history of past earthquakes has shown that masonry buildings have suffered the maximum damage. Also, the Australian love of “heritage” buildings (most of them being of unreinforced…
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  • INFLUENCE OF MATERIAL PROPERTIES ON SHEAR STRENGTH OF URM WALLS RETROFITTED WITH FRP
    M.A. ElGawady1 1 Dept of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland , Private Bag 92019, Auckland , New Zealand, melg003@ec.auckalnd.ac.nz ABSTRACT This paper presents an analytical model for in-plane shear behaviour of unreinforced masonry (URM) walls retrofitted using fibre reinforced polymers (URM-FRP). The proposed model idealizes masonry, epoxy, and…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF RETROFITTED URM WALLS
    M.A. ElGawady1, P. Lestuzzi2, and M. Badoux3 Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand, melg003@ec.auckland.ac.nz IMAC Applied Computing and Mechanics Laboratory, School of Architecture, Civil, and Environmental Engineering ENAC, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology at Lausanne EPFL, pierino.lestuzzi@epfl.ch. Former IS-Beton, ENAC, EPFL,…
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  • THE EFFECT OF SPANDREL WALL STRENGTHENING ON THE LOAD CAPACITY OF MASONRY ARCH BRIDGES
    M.Miri1 and T.G. Hughes2 1Research Student, Cardiff School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF24 3TB, MiriM@cf.ac.uk 2 Professor, Cardiff School of Engineering, Cardiff University, HughesTG@cf.ac.uk ABSTRACT This paper reports the results of a series of small-scale centrifuge model tests on undamaged, unstrengthened (benchmark) arches and the corresponding strengthened (repaired) structures.…
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  • A FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF A 17TH CENTURY WELSH BRIDGE USING ABAQUS
    J.M. Nichols Assistant Professor, Dept of Construction Science , Texas A&M University, TAMU-3137 College Station, TX, 77843-3137 jm-nichols@tamu.edu ABSTRACT The bridges known from the Welsh as Pont-Y-Prydd were built by Mr Edwards in 1755 for wagon traffic. The first bridge was washed away in a flood, the reconstructed bridge failed…
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  • THE GOTHIC CHOIR OF THE N-D CATHEDRAL OF TOURNAI (B) : STRUCTURAL BEHAVIOUR OF THE FLYING-BUTTRESSES.
    D.  Lamblin1, L. Deléhouzée2, L. Van Parys3, T. Descamps4 Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic Faculty of Mons, Rue de Houdain 9 - B-7000 MONS, daniel.lamblin@fpms.ac.be Archeologist, Cellule de Recherches en Histoire et Archéologie du Bâtiment, CRHAB, Rue Vigneroulle 49 - B-5100 JAMBES, lfgenicot@skynet.be Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering,…
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  • A FINITE ELEMENT APPROACH TO CALCULATE TWO ANCIENT MASONRY VAULTS
    Gero A. Marzahn1, Rüdiger Jahnel2, Michael Köhler3, and Nguyen V. Tue4 Dr.-Ing., Essen, former faculty of the University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany Dipl.-Ing., Executive Director, City of Magdeburg, Magdeburg, Germany Dipl.-Ing., Köhler and Partners, Civil Engineers, Magdeburg, Germany Prof.Dr.-Ing., University of Leipzig, Institute for Structural Concrete, Leipzig, Germany ABSTRACT This…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE LATERAL LOAD CAPACITY OF SLENDER, POST-TENSIONED MASONRY WALLS
    J.R. Bean1, A.E. Schultz2, and C.R. Drake3 1,3Graduate Research Assistant, Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota, USA, bean0032@umn.edu 2Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota, 500 Pillsbury Dr. SE, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA, schul088@umn.edu ABSTRACT An experimental program is described to investigate the behavior of slender, post-tensioned…
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  • OUT-OF-PLANE SEISMIC PERFORMANCE OF UNREINFORCED CLAY BRICK MASONRY WALLS
    Chris Meisl1, Dominic Mattman1, Kenneth Elwood2, Tim White3, and Carlos Ventura4 Graduate Research Assistant, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of British Columbia, 6250 Applied Science Lane, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4 Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of British Columbia, elwood@civil.ubc.ca Post-Doctoral Researcher, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of British…
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  • FLEXURAL STRENGTH OF UNREINFORCED CLAY BRICK MASONRY WALLS
    M.C. Griffith1 and J. Vaculik2 Associate Professor, Dept of Civil & Env. Eng., University of Adelaide, mcgrif@civeng.adelaide.edu.au PhD student, Dept of Civil & Env. Eng., University of Adelaide, jvaculik@civeng.adelaide.edu.au ABSTRACT This paper presents the results of an experimental test program on eight full-scale unreinforced brick masonry walls. Three different levels…
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  • FAILURE LINE METHOD APPLIED TO WALLS WITH OPENINGS
    Cameron Baker1, Bruce Chen2 and Robert Drysdale3 MASc Candidate, Civil Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W., Hamilton, ON, L8S 4L7, bakerc@mcmaster.ca Former MASc Candidate, Currently Civil Engineer, Toh and Associates Ltd., Taiwan Professor and Martini, Mascarin and George Chair in Masonry Design, Director of Centre for Effective Design of…
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  • SMALL-SCALE MODELLING OF CONCRETE MASONRY USING ½-SCALE UNITS: A PRELIMINARY STUDY
    Larisa Long1, Ahmad A. Hamid2, and Robert G. Drysdale3 A.Sc. candidate, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. Professor and Director of the Masonry Research Lab, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA. Adjunct Professor and member of the Centre for Effective Design of Structures, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. Professor and Martini, Mascarin and George Chair…
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  • EVALUATION OF COLLAPSE LOAD FOR MASONRY WALLS
    C.  Anselmi1 and E. De Rosa2 and L. Fino3 Associate Professor, Dipartimento di Costruzioni e Metodi Matematici in Architettura, Università Federico II, Naples, Italy, anselmi@unina.it Assistent Professor, Dipartimento di Costruzioni e Metodi Matematici in Architettura, Università Federico II, Naples, Italy, derosa@unina.it Assistent Professor, Dipartimento di Costruzioni e Metodi Matematici in…
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  • THE INFLUENCE OF SLENDERNESS ON CAPACITY OF MASONRY WALLS
    P. Matysek1 1PhD, Institute of Building Materials and Structures, Cracow University of Technology, Warszawska 24, Krakow, Poland, pmatysek@imikb.wil.pk.edu.pl ABSTRACT The importance of the influence of slenderness on masonry wall capacity is becoming more widely recognised. Contemporary codes for masonry structures (Eurocode6 [1], ACI530-02 [2], CSA S304.1 [3]) allow the design…
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  • COMPARISON OF PROTOTYPE AND 1/6th MODEL SCALE BEHAVIOUR UNDER COMPRESSIVE LOADING
    A. Mohammed1 and T.G. Hughes2 Research Student, Cardiff School of Engineering, Cardiff University, MohammedAG@cardiff.ac.uk Professor of Civil Engineering, Cardiff School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF24 0YF, U.K., HughesTG@cf.ac.uk ABSTRACT This paper presents an experimental comparison of brickwork behaviour at prototype and 1/6th model scales under compressive loading. Two different…
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  • INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES BASED ON THE COMPLEMENTARITY OF NON-DESTRUCTIVE AND SLIGHTLY DESTRUCTIVE ON SITE TESTS: APPLICATION TO THE TWO CASTLES OF AVIO (ITALY) AND PISECE (SLOVENIA)
    Binda1, L. Cantini2, M. Lualdi2, C. Tedeschi3, A. Saisi3 and L. Zanzi4 Full Professor, DIS-Dept. of Structural Engineering, Politecnico of Milan, binda@stru.polimi.it Research Assistant, DIS-Dept. of Structural Engineering, Politecnico of Milan Assistant Professor, DIS-Dept. of Structural Engineering, Politecnico of Milan Full Professor, DIS-Dept. of Structural Engineering, Politecnico of Milan, zanzi@stru.polimi.it…
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  • NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING & MONITORING OF MASONRY – NORTH AMERICAN CASE STUDIES
    R.G. Grieve1 and P.A. Jeffs2 President, Tekron Services Inc, 2543 Palisander Avenue, Mississauga, ON L5B 2L1; rgrieve@tekron.com President, PJ Materials Consultants Limited, 11 Wagoners Trail, Guelph, ON, N1G 3M9; pjeffs@pjmc.net ABSTRACT The investigation of deteriorated buildings and masonry structures without creating damage to the fabric can be a difficult task.…
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  • ON-SITE DETERMINATION OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH FOR HISTORICAL MORTARS WITH THE SCRATCHING TEST : METHOD AND PRELIMINARY RESULTS
    L.  Van Parys1, F. Dagrain2, C. Coudyzer3 and S. Datoussaïd4 1Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Polytechnic Faculty of Mons, Rue de Houdain 9 - 7000 Mons - BELGIUM, laurent.vanparys@fpms.ac.be 2Assistant Professor, Dept of Mining Engineering, Polytechnic Faculty of Mons, fabrice.dagrain@fpms.ac.be 3Researcher, Dept of Mining Engineering, Polytechnic Faculty of Mons,…
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  • BRICK NOGGING: INVESTIGATION AND REPAIR
    D.T. Biggs1 1Principal, Ryan-Biggs Associates P.C., 291 River Street, Troy, New York 12180, USA dbiggs@ryanbiggs.com ABSTRACT Nogging is a historical method of masonry construction used as infill between wood framing. This method was used until about the early-1900s in the United States. Figure 1 shows an example of a wall…
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  • EARTHQUAKE REACTION ANALYSIS OF A NEW TYPE OF MULTI-STORY ENERGY-CONSERVATION MASONRY STRUCTURE
    Lianyu Gao1 and Wei Zou2 Director, China Northeast Architectural Design and Research Institute, 65 Guangrong Street, Shenyang 110006, P.R.China, gaoly@masonry.cn Assistant Professor, Shenyang University, Shenyang 110044, P.R.China ABSTRACT A new type of masonry structure with interior brick and external aerated concrete block is reported here, which integrates the advantages of…
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  • NUMERICAL PROCEDURE FOR EVALUATING THE INTERACTION BETWEEN MASONRY AND REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES
    T.F.T. Silva1, M.A. Ramalho2 and M.R.S. Corrêa3 Master Student, Dept of Structures, University of São Paulo, Brazil, tftsilva@yahoo.com.br Associated Professor, Dept of Structures, University of São Paulo, Brazil, ramalho@sc.usp.br Associated Professor, Dept of Structures, University of São Paulo, Brazil, mcorrea@sc.usp.br ABSTRACT The so-called arch effect is very important for evaluating…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF STRESS DISTRIBUTIONS IN BRICK WALLS UNDER AN OVERHANGING BEAM
    W. Lin1, X. Liu2, Y. Chen3, and X. Zhang4 Director, Chongqing Research Institute of Building Science, Chongqing, P.R.China 400015 Professor, Logistical Engineering University, Chongqing, P.R.China 400041 Engineer, Chongqing Research Institute of Building Science, Chongqing, P.R.China 400015 Engineer, Chongqing Research Institute of Building Science, Chongqing, P.R.China 400015 ABSTRACT Based on previous…
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  • SUSCEPTIBILITY FOR CRACKING OF MASONRY MORTAR JOINTS WHEN SUBJECTED TO COMPRESSION
    L. Miranda Dias1 1 Research officer of LNEC, National Civil Engineering Laboratory/Buildings Department, Av. do Brasil, 101, PT-1700-066 Lisbon, Portugal, e-mail: mirandadias@lnec.pt ABSTRACT Cracking occurs frequently in masonry walls of buildings. Cracks are usually located in the joints between the blocks or bricks because joints generally represent planes of weakness.…
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  • COMPRESSIVE FRACTURE OF MASONRY – EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
    Xiaosong Xiao1 and N.G. Shrive2 Project Engineer, HNTB Corporation, 7900 International Drive, Suite 600, Minneapolis, MN 55425, USA xiaouc@yahoo.com Killam Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, shrive@ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT Engineering materials contain flaws such as cracks, pores, voids and fissures. Compressive failure of brittle materials is characterized by multiple…
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  • MATERIAL MODEL FOR UNREINFORCED MASONRY BASED ON PLASTICITY THEORY
    S. Lu1, R. Heuer2, R. Flesch3 Dipl.-Ing., Scientist, Business Unit Transport Routes Engineering, arsenal research, Faradaygasse 3, 1030 Vienna, Austria, suikai.lu@arsenal.ac.at Professor, CMSD – Center of Mechanics and Structural Dynamics, Vienna University of Technology Wiedner Hauptstraße 8 / 2063, 1040 Vienna, Austria, rh@allmech.tuwien.ac.at Professor, Head of Business Unit, Business Unit…
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  • INNOVATIVE OPTIONS FOR MASONRY REPAIR
    A.J. Deveau, P.Eng., M.A.Sc.1, and M. Van Dusen, P.Eng., M.Eng.2 Shareholder, Halsall Associates Limited, 2300 Yonge St., Suite 2300, Toronto, ON, M4P 1E4, adeveau@halsall.com Shareholder, Halsall Associates Limited, mvandusen@halsall.com ABSTRACT Building Owners have varying needs with respect to exterior masonry wall repair and the extent to which degradation and performance…
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  • EVALUATION OF LIGHTWEIGHT SAWDUST CONCRETE UNITS
    Y.Liu1, J. Dawe2 and G. Christie3 Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Dalhousie University, 1360 Barrington St, Halifax, NS,   B3J 1Z1 yi.liu@dal.ca  Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5A3, Dawe@unb.ca 3 Undergraduate student, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick ABSTRACT Lightweight sawdust…
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  • THE USE OF WASTE MATERIAL IN THE MANUFACTURING OF CLAY BRICK
    L.M. Federico1, S.E. Chidiac2, R.G. Drysdale3 Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, federilm@mcmaster.ca Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, chidiac@mcmaster.ca Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, and Martini, Mascarin and George Chair in Masonry Design, drysdale@mcmaster.ca ABSTRACT Fired clay bricks are produced when clay particles…
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  • THE NEW CSA S304.1-04 “DESIGN OF MASONRY STRUCTURES”
    D.A. Laird1, R.G. Drysdale2, D.W. Stubbs3 and G.R. Sturgeon4 Halsall Associates Ltd., Suite 2300, 2300 Yonge St., Toronto, ON, M4P 1E4, dlaird@halsall.com Professor of Civil Eng. & Martini, Mascarin & George Chair in Masonry Design, Director of the Centre for Effective Design of Structures, McMaster University, Dept. of Civil Engineering,…
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  • SHEAR DESIGN OF UNREINFORCED MASONRY PANELS – BASIC ASSUMPTIONS AND COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT STANDARDS –
    C.-A. Graubner1 and T. Kranzler2 Prof. Dr.-Ing., Institute of Concrete Structures and Materials, Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany, graubner@massivbau.tu-darmstadt.de Ph.D. student Dipl.-Ing., Institute of Concrete Structures and Materials, Darmstadt University of Technology, Germany, kranzler@massivbau.tu-darmstadt.de ABSTRACT The basics and the procedures of shear design according to several international design codes are…
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  • THE TREATMENT OF CONCENTRATED LOADS IN MASONRY DESIGN CODES
    Norman Bright1 and John Roberts2 Visiting Professor, Kingston University, Faculty of Technology, Penrhyn Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 2EE, U.K., normanbright@fairview.clara.net Professor of Civil Engineering and Dean Faculty of Technology, Kingston University, Faculty of Technology, Penrhyn Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 2EE, U.K., j.roberts@kingston.ac.uk ABSTRACT In Europe, Eurocode…
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  • THE SOURCE OF CANADIAN DESIGN STANDARD REQUIREMENTS FOR SHEAR DESIGN IN BEAMS
    M.  J. Guzman1 and S.L. Lissel2 1Graduate Student, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, mguzmanc@ucalgary.ca 2Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, sllissel@ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT Shear resistance is an important part of the design process of masonry beams. Section 12.3.5 of CSA S304.1-94 gives the parameters for masonry…
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  • PRESTRESSED MASONRY: RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE BRAZILIAN CODE
    G. A. Parsekian 1 , L. S. Franco2, R. C. Carvalho3 Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Brazil, gparsekian@terra.com.br Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, luiz.franco@poli.usp.br Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Sao Carlos, Brazil, chust@power.ufscar.br ABSTRACT Prestressed masonry has…
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  • DESIGN ASSISTED BY TESTING OF SEMI-PREFABRICATED REINFORCED BRICK MASONRY VAULTS
    F.da Porto, F. Casarin, E. Garbin, M. Grendene, C. Modena, M.R. Valluzzi Dept. of Structural and Transportation Eng., University of Padova, Via Marzolo 9, 35131 Padova, Italy daporto@dic.unipd.it ABSTRACT In the framework of the European contract CRAFT-1999-70420 ‘ISO-BRICK’, several European institutions and private companies developed a semi-prefabricated solution for short…
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  • EFFECTIVENESS OF POLYMER FIBERS FOR IMPROVING DUCTILITY IN MASONRY
    Thomas Hervillard1, David McLean2, David Pollock3 and Cole McDaniel4 1Graduate Student, 2Professor, 3Associate Professor, 4Assistant Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164-2910 USA ABSTRACT This study investigated the stress-strain behaviour of fiber-reinforced masonry prisms subjected to compressive loading. Thirty masonry prisms were tested: fifteen…
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  • A DISCUSSION OF MASONRY CHARACTERISTICS DERIVED FROM COMPRESSION TESTS
    N. Mojsilović Senior Research Associate and Lecturer, Institute of Structural Engineering, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, mojsilovic@ibk.baug.ethz.ch ABSTRACT This paper discusses masonry characteristics derived from compression tests. The stress-strain relationship and the applicability of orthotropic elasticity to masonry are examined. It is concluded that masonry behaves more or less as a linear-elastic…
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  • STRENGTH AND DEFORMABILITY OF HOLLOW CONCRETE BLOCKS AND THEIR CORRELATIONS WITH MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CONSTITUENT MATERIAL
    C.S. Barbosa1 and J.B. Hanai2 1MSc. Structural Engineering, PhD Student, Department of Structural Engineering, University of Sao Paulo, School of Engineering at Sao Carlos, Brazil, E-Mail: claudius@sc.usp.br 2Professor of Civil Engineering, Department of Structural Engineering, University of Sao Paulo, School of Engineering at Sao Carlos, Brazil, E-Mail: jbhanai@sc.usp.br ABSTRACT This…
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  • STRAIN GRADIENT IN MASONRY WALLS
    Liu1, J. Dawe2, and G. Aridru3 Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, B3J 1Z1, yi.liu@dal.ca Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, E3B 5A3, dawe@unb.ca Former Graduate Student, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of New Brunswick ABSTRACT Strain measurements in 32 concrete block…
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  • INVESTIGATION ON FAILURE CRITERION OF MASONRY UNDER BIAXIAL STRESS
    Kerong Zhou1 and Li Tian2 Professor, Building Engineering Department, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China, zhoukerong@mail.tongji.edu.cn Senior Engineer, Hong Kong H.C. Planning Construction Design Research Institute Co. Ltd, Shanghai 200093, China, hchc@vip.163.com ABSTRACT On the basis of available experimental results concerning the biaxial strength of masonry, the failure criterion of masonry…
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  • THE RESPONSE OF CALCIUM SILICATE ELEMENT WALLETTES TO 2D COMPRESSION LOADING
    A.T. Vermeltfoort1 and B.M. Ng’andu2 Assistant Professor, Dept of Architecture, Building and Planning, Eindhoven University of Technology, Vertigo Building, PObox 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands,   a.t.vermeltfoort@tue.nl PhD Student, Dept of Architecture, Building and Planning, Eindhoven University of Technology. ABSTRACT This paper describes and presents results of an experimental programme…
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  • THE STUDY OF HEAT FLOWS IN MASONRY WALLS IN A THERMAL TEST BUILDING INCORPORATING A WINDOW
    H.O. Sugo 1, A.W. Page 2, B. Moghtaderi 3 Research Associate, School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Australia, hsugo@mail.newcastle.edu.au CBPI Professor in Structural Clay Brickwork, Pro Vice-Chancellor (Research), University of Newcastle, Australia, Adrian.Page@newcastle.edu.au Associate Professor, School of Engineering, University of Newcastle, Australia, Behdad.Moghtaderi@newcastle.edu.au ABSTRACT Over the past four years, the…
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  • KYOTO OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE MASONRY INDUSTRY
    John Harrison B.Sc. B.Ec. F.C.P.A. Managing Director, TecEco Pty. Ltd., Australia ABSTRACT The Kyoto treaty came in to force on the 16th February, 2005. It will have profound impacts for industry as it will affect the economics of production as well as the materials out of which masonry products are…
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  • AUSTRALIAN MASONRY AT THE CROSSROADS
    A.W. Page1 CBPI Professor in Structural Clay Brickwork, Faculty of Engineering & Built Environment, The University of Newcastle, NSW, 2308, Australia, Adrian.Page@newcastle.edu.au ABSTRACT Masonry in its various forms is widely used because of its aesthetic qualities, its strength and its physical characteristics related to thermal efficiency, sound transmission and fire…
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  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF MASONRY INDUSTRY
      V.A. Straka1 Associate Professor, Dept of Architectural Science, Ryerson University , 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON, M5B 2K3, vstraka@ryerson.ca ABSTRACT The construction industry in Canada consumes more than 50% of natural resources, including energy and accounts for 17% of total water consumption. These figures relate only to the production…
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  • SUSTAINABLE DESIGN OF MASONRY BUILDINGS
    W.C. McEwen1 and R.R. Marshall2 Executive Director, Masonry Institute of British Columbia, 3636 East 4th Avenue, Vancouver, BC, V5M 1M3, info@masonrybc.org Executive Director, Masonry Canada, 4628 10th Line, RR 2, Beeton, Ontario, L0G 1A0, infomasonrycan@aol.com ABSTRACT Owners, communities, universities, designers, producers, and contractors all profit from the sustainable or “green”…
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  • A CASE FOR HOLLOW CLAY MASONRY IN MODERN CONSTRUCTION
    Jason D.Crossen1, S.E. Chidiac2 and R.G. Drysdale3  M.A.Sc. Candidate, Dept of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. W. Hamilton, ON L8S4L7, crossj@mcmaster.ca Associate Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, chidiac@mcmaster.ca Professor and Martini Mascarin and George Chair in Masonry Design, Dept of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, drysdale@mcmaster.ca ABSTRACT…
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  • INVESTIGATIONS INTO THE POTENTIAL CONVECTIVE TRANSPORT PROCESS IN MASONRY MATERIALS DEPENDING ON THE MOISTURE CONTENT AND CONCENTRATION OF THE PORE SOLUTION
    K. Terheiden1 Chair of building chemistry in Civil Engineering, Bauhaus-University Weimar, Weimar, Germany, kristina.terheiden@bauing.uni-weimar.de ABSTRACT For the examination of transport processes of deteriorating salts in building materials there are different driving forces that have to be taken into consideration. One is the salt concentration gradient in the pore solution. This…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF FLUID AND VAPOUR TRANSPORT PROCESSES DEPENDING ON THE MOISTURE CONTENT AND CONCENTRATION OF DETERIORATING SALTS AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF DIFFERENT MASONRY MATERIALS
    K. Terheiden1 Chair of building chemistry in Civil Engineering, Bauhaus-University Weimar, Weimar, Germany, kristina.terheiden@bauing.uni-weimar.de ABSTRACT Desalination by applying poultices is one of the most gentle and effective treatments. Hence it is a most favourable means for revitalisation of salt contaminated buildings. This method is based on balancing concentration gradients in…
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  • STUDY ON WETTING AND DRYING OF CLAY BRICK HAVING SURFACE COATINGS
    P.J. Kelly Senior Product Quality Manager, Hanson Brick ABSTRACT This study was carried out on 19 brick, of various clay bodies, surface texture and various waterproofing sealers applied to some of the surfaces. The brick were placed in a plastic container such that the body of the brick was encapsulated…
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  • EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON FOLLOWING PERFORMANCES OF REPAIRED FINISH COATS TO CLAY BRICK MASONRY ASSEMBLAGES
    R. Kawahara1, A. Baba2, A. Mori3 and T. Dainobu4 Assistant Professor, Dept of Perceptual Design and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, M. Eng., kawa@yamaguchi-u.ac.jp Professor, Dept of Perceptual Design and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, Dr. Eng., baba@yamaguchi-u.ac.jp Professor, Tsukuri College, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Dr. Eng., mori@archi.ace.nitech.ac.jp Doctoral Student,…
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  • IN-PLANE STIFFNESS AND STRENGTH OF ADJUSTABLE WALL TIES
    C.R. Williams1 and A.A. Hamid2,3 Graduate Student, Dept of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, crw22@drexel.edu Professor, Dept of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering, Drexel University, 3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, hamidaa@drexel.edu Adjunct Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, McMaster University, JHE-301, 1280…
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  • EMPIRICAL VS. THEORETICAL SERVICE LIFE FOR WALL TIES IN BRICK VENEER STEEL STUD WALL SYSTEMS
    M.D. Hagel1 and S.L. Lissel2 PhD student, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 University Dr. NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, markdanielhagel@shaw.ca Assistant Professor, Dept of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, sllissel@ucalgary.ca ABSTRACT The issue regarding the corrosion of steel ties connecting brick veneer to a steel stud (BVSS)…
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  • DYNAMIC BEHAVIOUR OF CHEMICAL ADHESIVE ANCHORS IN MASONRY
    A. Braimah1, E. Contestabile2, and R. Guilbeault3 Blast Hazard Engineer, CERL, Natural Resources Canada, 555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0G1, abraimah@nrcan.gc.ca Head, Explosives Applications, CERL, Natural Resources Canada, 555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0G1, econtest@nrcan.gc.ca Explosives Technologist, CERL, Natural Resources Canada, 555 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0G1,…
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  • TERRA COTTA INSTALLATION: THE EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF ANCHORAGE SYSTEMS
    M.E. Novesky1 and E.A. Gerns2 Associate Architect, Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc., 120 North LaSalle Street Suite 2000, Chicago, IL, 60602, mnovesky@wje.com Consultant, Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc., 120 North LaSalle Street Suite 2000, Chicago, IL, 60602, egerns@wje.com ABSTRACT Traditional construction in the first half of the 19th century relied…
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  • TECECO ECO-CEMENT MASONRY PRODUCT UPDATE – Carbonation = Sequestration
    John Harrison B.Sc. B.Ec. F.C.P.A. Managing Director, TecEco Pty. Ltd., Australia ABSTRACT As a consequence of global warming there is considerable interest around the world in exploiting major natural carbon sinks such as the oceans, subsurface reservoirs (such as brines or depleted oil & gas fields), or the terrestrial carbon…
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  • CARBONATING AND HYDRAULIC MORTARS – the difference is not only in the binder, aggregates are also important
    John Harrison B.Sc. B.Ec. F.C.P.A. Managing Director, TecEco Pty. Ltd., Australia ABSTRACT In spite of the increasing availability of mortar-less products, mortar has traditionally held walling units together and is still the choice of many builders. Blended lime - Portland cement (PC) mortars are becoming more fashionable and hydraulic, partially…
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  • COLD WEATHER PROTECTION REQUIREMENTS FOR A LOW STRENGTH REPOINTING MORTAR
    A.H.P. Maurenbrecher1, K. Trischuk2, M. Subercaseaux3 & G.T. Suter4 Research Officer, 2 Technical Officer, Institute for Research in Construction, National Research Council, Ottawa, ON. K1A 0R6, paul.maurenbrecher@nrc.gc.ca, ken.trischuk@nrc.gc.ca Conservation Architect, Heritage Conservation Directorate, Public Works & Government Services Canada, Gatineau, QC, K1A 0S5, maria_subercaseaux@pch.gc.ca Principal, Suter Consultants Inc, Victoria, BC,…
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  • MORTAR QUALITY ASSURANCE: A REVIEW OF NORTH AMERICAN PRACTICES
    J.A. Farny1, J.M. Melander2, and J.H. Greenwald3 Program Manager, Masonry and Special Products, Portland Cement Association, 5420 Old Orchard Road, Skokie, Illinois, 60077, jfarny@cement.org Director of Product Standards and Technology, Portland Cement Association, 5420 Old Orchard Road, Skokie, Illinois, 60077, jmelander@cement.org Vice President of Research and Development, National Concrete Masonry…
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